By James H. Rust (Eds.)

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Given the fact that a reactor is not a bomb, and I hope the other chapters in this book will have at least convinced the readers of that one fact, there is still the possibility of escape of radioactive materials, both during normal operation and in case of accidents. The relevant siting philosophy, as contained in 37 Table I. Table of Contents from "General Environmental Siting Guides for Nuclear Power Plants" (3) INTRODUCTION SUMMARY OF GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL SITING GUIDES GEOLOGY AND SOILS Page 1 5 14 General Seismic and Geological Characteristics 14 Soil Stability and Topography 15 Subsidence 17 ATMOSPHERIC FACTORS 20 Air Pollution Standards 20 Dispersion Climatology 21 Atmospheric Dispersion - Valley and Canyon Sites 23 Atmospheric Dispersion - Shoreline Sites 25 Vortex Phenomena and Extreme Winds 28 Fogging and Icing 31 HYDROLOGY 33 Water Use Policies 33 Adequate Water Supply (Quantity) 39 Groundwater 43 Inadvertent Loss of Water 46 Water Quality 48 Icing and Sedimentation 54 Mixing Zones 57 Stratified Waterbodies 59 Impoundments 61 ECOLOGY 63 Temperature Sensitive Aquatic Species 63 Breeding Habitats 70 Species Migration 73 Terrestrial Vegetation 75 Rare or Endangered Species 77 PUBLIC EXPOSURE TO RADIATION 82 LAND USE 91 Land-Use Compatibility 91 Land-Use Planning 92 Coastal Zone Planning 95 38 Table I.

The third major component, the Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research, is responsible for planning and carrying out research necessary for the performance of the Commission's licensing and related regulatory responsibilities. Finally, we have an Executive Director for Operations, who is charged with coordinating and directing the day-to-day operational and administrative activities of the agency. Two other major components complete the line organization structure. The Office of Standards Development develops regulations, criteria, guides, standards, and codes pertaining to the protection of the public health and safety and the environment in all stages of a nuclear facility's life.

6) The helium in the containment is used in a recirculation mode by the auxiliary circulator system. Therefore, containment pressure cannot be reduced to atmospheric but must be maintained at a level sufficient to assure proper circulator function. CONTAINMENT FUNCTIONS AS ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION FOR THE REACTOR COOLANT SYSTEM One of the key functions identified for the containment was protection of the reactor coolant system from environmental effects during normal operations. The containment also provides shielding and other protective functions for the public and plant staff during normal operations.

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