By Amitav Acharya

The normal realizing of Singapore's international coverage will be summarized in 3 major propositions: first, it really is dictated by means of the imperatives of being a small kingdom; moment, its basic function is to make sure Singapore's survival, given its small dimension; and 3rd, this good judgment of survival dictates a realpolitik method of international coverage and nationwide protection. This e-book argues that an completely realist view of Singapore's overseas coverage is insufficient. Singapore's overseas coverage can also be formed via the optimistic results of monetary interdependence and local institution-building tools that realists are inclined to push aside, yet which Singapore has self-consciously attempted to advertise as tools of nearby order. The ebook first seems on the evolution of Singapore's international coverage, earlier than reading Singapore's diplomacy and nationwide safeguard within the context of monetary development and terrorism. It concludes with a fascinating bankruptcy at the influence of the increase of China and India at the local panorama. Contents: advent: Rethinking Singapore's overseas coverage; half I: Foundations: The Evolution of Singapore's overseas coverage: demanding situations of switch; the industrial Foundations of Singapore's safety: From Globalism to Regionalism?; half II: diversifications: international relations in demanding instances: Singapore Confronts international Terrorism and local Regression; Waging the conflict on Terror: Singapore's Responses and Dilemmas; Singapore and Southeast Asia in a Fast-changing panorama: dealing with the increase of China and India.

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53 Raymond Dodge, “The Psychology of Propaganda,” Religious Education 15 (October 1920), p. 241. 54 Everett Dean Martin, The Behavior of Crowds: A Psychological Study (New York: Harper and Bros, 1920). M. Biddle, “A Psychological Definition of Propaganda,” The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 26: 3 (October 1931), p. 284. 56 Sproule, Propaganda and Democracy, p. 49. 51 52 32 Culture and Propaganda became a testament to American intellectuals’ ultimate ambivalence on the question of whether propaganda could be considered legitimate in times of national emergency.

As the end of the war drew near, Woodrow Wilson’s plan for the post-war peace settlement increasingly became the focus of the CPI’s international propaganda campaign. 24 Commentators after the Second World War thus looked back on this effort to cultivate American leadership in the peace negotiations as so successful that “by the time of the Armistice the name of Woodrow Wilson, and a general idea that 20 The CPI had bureaus in Shanghai and Vladivostok. See Jerry Israel, Progressivism and the Open Door: America and China, 1905–1921 (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1971), p.

89 Another prominent contributor to the public debate on the implications of propaganda for international politics and the future of Europe was theologian Reinhold Niebuhr. In his 1932 book Moral Man and International Society, Niebuhr questioned the cultural internationalist sentiments that had motivated the European founders of the League of Nations International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation and other international cultural projects. He rejected their cosmopolitan logic, which held that peace could be achieved through the creation of an international public sphere rooted in substantial international understanding.

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