By J. Melissen

After 9-11, which brought on an international debate on public international relations, 'PD' has turn into a topic in so much nations. This ebook joins the talk. specialists from various nations and from quite a few fields research the idea and perform of public international relations. additionally they overview how public international relations will be effectively used to help international policy.

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Dizard, Inventing Public Diplomacy: The Story of the US Information Agency (Boulder CO and London: Lynne Rienner, 2004). 7. Arno J. Mayer, Political Origins of the New Diplomacy 1917–1918 (New York: Vintage Books, 1970). 8. ), Innovation in Diplomatic Practice (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1999), pp. xvi–xvii. 9. Robert Cooper, The Breaking of Nations: Order and Chaos in the Twenty-First Century (London: Atlantic Books, 2003), p. 76. 10. Shaun Riordan, The New Diplomacy (London: Polity, 2003), especially ch.

A country like North Korea does not have many alternatives to resorting to the public gallery. 15 But these and other cases of public diplomacy bridging major divides in international relations, such as the well-known practice of communication with foreign publics by socialist powers, are in fact exceptional. As a structural development, public diplomacy above all thrives in highly interdependent regions and between countries that are linked by multiple transnational relationships and therefore a substantial degree of ‘interconnectedness’ between their civil societies.

25. David Welch, ‘Powers of Persuasion’, History Today, 49, August 1999, pp. 24–6. 26. As two lexicographers suggest, public diplomacy is essentially ‘a late-twentiethcentury form of propaganda conducted by diplomats’; G. R. Berridge and Alan James, A Dictionary of Diplomacy (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2001), p. 197. 27. Richard Holbrooke, ‘Get The Message Out’, Washington Post, 28 October 2001. 28. Nicholas J. Cull, David Culbert and David Welch, Propaganda and Mass Persuasion: A Historical Encyclopedia, 1500 to the Present (Oxford and Santa Barbara CA: ABC-Clio, 2003), pp.

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