By Marie L. Griffin

Griffin performed a survey of all detention officials in Maricopa County, Arizona, a prison method identified for punitive rules and for a sheriff with a countrywide popularity for severity. Griffin's findings point out that attitudes towards the use strength are motivated by means of authority, worry of victimization, caliber of supervision, institutional operations, and function ambiguity. those findings recommend that interactions among officials and supervisory body of workers and interactions without delay with inmates have a extra direct impression at the use strength than both perceptions of the bigger association or an officer's person features.

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Additional resources for The Use of Force by Detention Officers (Criminal Justice: Recent Scholarship) (Criminal Justice Recent Scholarship)

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200). The correctional environment also has been influenced by an increasing growth in the private prison industry, a new generation of ‘super predator’ inmates (see DiIulio, 1994), the growing construction of new ultrasecure ‘maxi-maxi’ prisons, an increasing focus on anti-prison gang policies and the continuing effects of overcrowding on correctional workforce issues (Maghan, 1999). In addition, there has been a marked change in public support for incarceration to serve the function of incapacitation and not rehabilitation.

The first two cohorts represent a ‘baseline’, or an earlier group of inmates who were incarcerated and released prior to the implementation of Sheriff Arpaio’s ‘get tough’ policies. The third and fourth cohorts were ‘exposed’ to the Sheriff’s policies. 19). Offender’s age and sentence length were found to be statistically significant but modest predictors of recidivism following release. Stronger predictors of recidivism following release included offense type, number of charges at conviction, and prior arrest record.

E. using stun guns when inmate is cuffed or in restraint chair); and the use of hog-tying inmates as a form of restraint (Deval, 1996). Interestingly enough, the expert employed by the Department of Justice noted that he was “frankly amazed to discover that virtually every detention officer whom [he]observed throughout the entire jail system was carrying non-lethal weapons on his or her person” (Deval, 1996, p. The Socio-Economic Environment 49 4). S. Department of Justice, which funded the project to introduce non-lethal weapons into this county jail.

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