By Andrew McGregor
Egypt has one of many oldest civilizations and proudest nationwide histories on this planet, yet such a lot army histories deal with it as an insignificant battleground for different nice imperial powers similar to the Ottoman Empire, the French, and the British. In a full of life and stirring narrative, this paintings tells the untold tale of the Egyptian adventure. It appears to be like on the lives of Egyptian infantrymen combating at domestic and overseas, and indicates the jobs these infantrymen and their leaders have performed in Middle-Eastern and international historical past for 500 years—especially within the convulsions that experience remodeled the Muslim global in the past centuries.Beginning with an summary of Egypt's historical and medieval background, the e-book then explores Ottoman army rule, explaining how a tiny Turkish-speaking minority maintained absolute energy via holding army wisdom out of the seize of local Egyptians. Readers will see how Napoleon's failed Egyptian crusade of 1798 brought the state to Europe yet, extra vital, introduced smooth Western affects to Egypt. through the nineteenth century, new fingers and strategies and the emerging strength of nationalism remodeled Egypt because the empire of the Ottoman Turks slowly decayed. Independence used to be thwarted by means of the British, who took over the rustic within the Eighteen Eighties to safe hyperlinks to India. but the British cleared the path for independence, retraining and strengthening the Egyptian army to make it the most powerful and such a lot nationalist strength within the state. eventually, McGregor's last chapters examine Arab nationalism, and on the Egyptian military within the wars of the overdue twentieth century.
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Additional info for A Military History of Modern Egypt: From the Ottoman Conquest to the Ramadan War
Napoleon persuaded about 40 knights to join his expedition, together with 500 men of the Regiment of Malta and an assortment of cavalry and marines. 1 When the French landed near Alexandria on July 1, 1798, the Porte was still under the impression that the French navy was chasing pirates in the Mediterranean. The British were undeceived, however, and Admiral Nelson chased the French fleet across the Mediterranean. The once great city of Alexander was in near ruins and barely defended. Its population had dwindled to only 6,000 people as Rosetta and Damietta had replaced it in importance as ports to the Mediterranean.
There were a number of French Mamluks in the household troops of Murad and Ibrahim Bey, and they may have provided useful information on French tactics. Over the course of the war many French deserted to the Mamluks or were captured and impressed into Mamluk service. So many French deserted to the Mamluks in the first year of the occupation that a general pardon was offered to those who wished to return. The Battle of al-Rahmaniya: July 13, 1798 By July 11, 1798, the French army had finished a grueling three-week march to the town of al-Rahmaniya.
After his defection he formed two battalions of the pro-French “Greek Legion” in which he served as colonel. There were a number of French Mamluks in the household troops of Murad and Ibrahim Bey, and they may have provided useful information on French tactics. Over the course of the war many French deserted to the Mamluks or were captured and impressed into Mamluk service. So many French deserted to the Mamluks in the first year of the occupation that a general pardon was offered to those who wished to return.