By Jay Winter

Lengthy sooner than Rwanda and Bosnia and the Holocaust, the 1st genocide of the 20th century happened in Turkish Armenia in 1915. The essays during this assortment research how american citizens discovered of this disaster and attempted to aid its sufferers. wisdom and compassion, notwithstanding, weren't adequate to prevent the killings, and a poor precedent used to be born in 1915. The Armenian genocide has haunted the U.S. and different Western international locations during the 20th century.

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357. 30 Hovannisian, “Etiology,” p. 124. Gilbert, Twentieth Century, vol. I, p. 357. Anita Engle, The Nili Spies (London: The Hogarth Press, 1959), p. 62. Gilbert, The First World War, pp. 365–6. 18 Sir Martin Gilbert In the early months of 1918, Russia, under its new Bolshevik rulers, signed a peace treaty with Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey, and withdrew from the fighting. Turkish troops, seizing the opportunity of Russia’s military weakness and political isolation, drove eastward through the Caucasus to the shores of the Caspian Sea.

703. “Kashmiri Killing Mounts as EU Arrives,” Reuters, in Washington Post, 27 September 2000, p. A24. Twentieth-century genocides 29 The Armenian population and local government organs of the Mountainous Karabagh Autonomous Region petitioned for the right of selfdetermination and incorporation into Soviet Armenia. Hundreds of thousands of people in Erevan and elsewhere in Armenia took to the streets in support of the Karabagh movement. The massive demonstrations were unprecedented in the Soviet Union.

Anticipating Total War: The German and American Experiences, 1871–1914 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999), p. 23. The Armenian Genocide in the context of total war 39 world, it mutated into another kind of war, bigger, more lethal, and more corrosive than any previous conflict. It is to that new kind of war that the word “total” appropriately applies. Some have viewed the Peloponnesian wars as total; others cite the Thirty Years’ War of the seventeenth century, and eighteenth-century warfare among empires truly spanned the globe.

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