By Emmanuelle de Champs

Jeremy Bentham, the founding father of classical utilitarianism, used to be a seminal determine within the historical past of recent political notion. This full of life monograph provides the various French connections of an emblematic British philosopher. probably greater than the other highbrow of his time, Bentham engaged with modern occasions and other people in France, even writing in French within the 1780s. putting Bentham's concept within the context of the French-language Enlightenment via to the post-Revolutionary period, Emmanuelle de Champs makes the case for a historic learn of 'Global Bentham'. analyzing formerly unpublished resources, she lines the move of Bentham's letters, associates, manuscripts, and books within the French-speaking global. This learn in transnational highbrow heritage finds how utilitarianism, as a doctrine, was once either the manufactured from, and a contribution to, French-language political concept at a key time in ecu heritage. The debates surrounding utilitarianism in France forged new gentle at the making of contemporary Liberalism.

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Extra resources for Enlightenment and Utility: Bentham in French, Bentham in France (Ideas in Context)

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X, 10. The Correspondence of Jeremy Bentham, vol. X, July 1820 to December 1821, S. , (CW) (Oxford, 1994), 345. Bowring, vol. X, 10. ‘The intention of the laws is that one man by his wisdom and moderation should promote the happiness of such numbers’, says Mentor. S. de la Mothe F´enelon, Telemachus, Son of Ulysses (Cambridge, 1994), 60. Languages of Enlightenment 23 modern elements of F´enelon’s doctrine were regularly praised. Physiocrats, for instance, highlighted its sound economic principles (favouring agriculture to ensure population growth, condemning luxury).

Original in French. Bowring, vol. X, 83; and Correspondence (CW), vol. I, 189–90. John Murray (1714–1775), diplomat, British ambassador to Constantinople from 1766 to 1775. P. Courtney, ‘Lind, John (1737–1781)’, rev. E. Clayton, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography; F. Venturi, The End of the Old Regime in Europe, 176ff. Bowring, vol. X, 58. J. Lind, Letters concerning the present state of Poland (London, 1773). Two editions were published in 1773, the second augmented. References are to the second edition.

Penguin Books, 2004). A summary of Voltaire’s attitude towards the Scriptures may be found in Dictionnaire g´en´eral de Voltaire, R. Trousson and J. Vercruysse, eds. -L. Seban, 127–32. -H. Cotoni, L’ex´eg`ese du Nouveau Testament dans la philosophie franc¸aise au dix-huiti`eme si`ecle (Oxford, 1985); D. Levy, Voltaire et son ex´eg`ese du Pentateuque: critique et pol´emique (Oxford, 1975). T. T. , Eighteenth-century French Studies (1968), 55–69. A. Calmet, Dictionnaire historique, critique, chronologique, g´eographique et litt´eral de la Bible (Paris, 1720–1); T.

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