By Professor Kjell A Eliassen

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A strengthened CFSP could in actuality serve to promote greater regional stability and lessen the pressures placed on the nation­ state. However, essential to its success will be the consent of the governed, The CFSP and the Nation-State 21 without which nation-states cannot yield greater sovereignty to the Euro­ pean Union. The development of a real European security and defence identity requires a vision of a common future as much as the institutional machinery to ensure its competency. This depends greatly on the ability of European citizens to regard European integration as a legitimate and desir­ able goal for the member states, which in turn depends on efficiency and transparency in all the pillars.

France now had three possible strategies for her foreign policy: 1 isolation, which would mean a return to balance of power politics 2 broadening the scope of other institutions, such as the CSCE, in order to keep the security issue outside the EC 3 intensifying the efforts towards building a European political union (Martial, 1 992: 1 19). Keeping the security question outside the EC framework was not feasible. Such a solution would have required an all-embracing structure resembling a European confederation, which clearly was out of the question owing, among other things, to the many problems in Eastern Europe.

Germany and German unification 'Are you afraid of Germany? This is not the way discussion about the Euro­ pean Community's future usually begins in polite society. And yet it is the (too often hidden) question that lies behind the current push for a more federal Europe' ( The Economist, 1 2 October 1991). Strengthening German ties with Western Europe has been one of the fundamental aims of the EC ever since the establishment of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) in 1952, on both the French and the German side.

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