By Soňa Štrbáňová

This biographical short outlines the amazing lifestyles and occupation of British biochemist, Marjory Stephenson (1885-1948). In 9 concise chapters, Štrbáňová describes Stephenson's medical accomplishments and units those opposed to the socio-political demanding situations of the time. Stephenson performed a major position within the improvement of biochemistry and molecular biology. She used to be one of many first scientists to exploit microorganisms as versions for learn into mobile biochemical strategies and their legislation. Later she went directly to coin the time period chemical microbiology, which used to be communicated in her monograph and textbook "Bacterial Metabolism" (1930-1949). Stephenson additionally actively participated within the institution of the institutionalized interdisciplinary box of normal microbiology which built-in study into varied sorts of microorganisms at numerous degrees of association. along those medical achievements, Štrbáňová outlines Stephenson's consistent conflict with practices of undeclared discrimination, her very important position as one of many first ladies technological know-how managers  and organizers, and her influential place in the clinical group. A scientist of significant advantage and a job version to ladies scientists of all disciplines, the lifetime of Marjory Stephenson is of curiosity to biochemists, molecular biologists, historians of the chemical and organic sciences, and ladies scientists of all generations.

Show description

Read Online or Download Holding Hands with Bacteria: The Life and Work of Marjory Stephenson PDF

Best microbiology books

Life's Engines: How Microbes made the Earth Habitable

For nearly 4 billion years, microbes had the primordial oceans all to themselves. The stewards of Earth, those organisms reworked the chemistry of our planet to make it liveable for crops, animals, and us. Life's Engines takes readers deep into the microscopic international to discover how those excellent creatures made existence in the world possible--and how human lifestyles this present day might stop to exist with no them.

Cell Fusions: Regulation and Control

Telephone fusions are vital to fertilization, placentation, improvement of skeletal muscle and bone, calcium homeostasis and the immune defence procedure. also, mobile fusions perform tissue fix and should be vital to melanoma improvement, development and treatment. a number of components keep an eye on mobile fusions, together with receptors and ligands, membrane area organizing proteins, proteases, signaling molecules and fusogenic proteins that convey membranes shut jointly.

Fungi in the Environment (British Mycological Society Symposia)

Fungi are of primary value within the terrestrial surroundings. they've got roles as decomposers, plant pathogens, symbionts, and in elemental cycles. Fungi are usually dominant, and in soil can contain the biggest pool of biomass (including different microorganisms and invertebrates). additionally they play a task in upkeep of soil constitution because of their filamentous progress behavior and exopolymer creation.

Autotrophic Microbiology and One-Carbon Metabolism

Autotrophic and methylotrophic microorganisms may be able to develop on the cost of one-carbon compounds (e. g. carbon dioxide, formaldehyde) because the central carbon resources for the synthesis of cellphone fabric, utilizing gentle, inorganic compounds or one-carbon compounds as strength assets. The examine of the detailed variations required in cardio and anaerobic microorganisms to maintain an autotrophic or methylotrophic mode of lifestyles is an interesting box of study for scientists from quite a few disciplines.

Extra resources for Holding Hands with Bacteria: The Life and Work of Marjory Stephenson

Example text

The use of washed suspensions together with methylene blue, manometric and other contemporary techniques of biochemistry, opened new ways for study of enzyme kinetics and the growth conditions necessary for the optimal formation of enzymes. In the years 1920–1950, intensive research into the nature and mode of action of enzymes, and the cellular metabolic pathways was going on in a number of European and overseas laboratories. Hopkins’ Cambridge laboratory and Otto Warburg’s Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Cell Physiology in Berlin belonged among the leading ones.

In: Hoffmann D, Laitko H, MüllerWille S (eds), Lexikon der Bedeutenden Naturwissenschaftler 2. Band. Freedman RB (2011) Gowland Hopkins and the Biochemical Society. Kohler RE (1982) From medical chemistry to biochemistry. The making of a biomedical discipline. Janko J (1977) From physiological chemistry to biochemistry. Acta historiae rerum naturalium necnon technicarum 9:233–279 19. Štrbáňová S (1985), Formation of interdisciplinary sciences. The case of biochemistry. In: Nový L, Voronkov,YP (eds), Science and technology at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries: Interrelations of disciplines, Acta historiae rerum naturalium necnon technicarum 19:193–245 20.

Never mentioned in his personal recollections [2, 3] whether Stephenson influenced him in his choice of research themes, but we must consider (as will be shown later) that their farewell apparently was not harmonious. 2Quastel © The Author(s) 2016 S. 1007/978-3-662-49736-4_3 25 3 Fruitful Years. 4 Jointly with Margaret Whetham [7] they standardized the “resting” cell method which proved to be very useful for the study of bacterial metabolism isolated from the complexities of growth under controlled conditions.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.37 of 5 – based on 8 votes