By Denis Judd
The British event in India started in earnest over 400 years in the past, throughout the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. for a few years the English interlopers and investors who made touch with the subcontinent have been considered through Indians as little greater than pirates and most likely not easy conquering barbarians. After a chain of great struggles opposed to the French and numerous neighborhood rulers in the course of the eighteenth century, by way of the top of the Napoleonic Wars Britain had received mastery of the subcontinent. this era, and the century and a part that undefined, observed strong cultures locked in a regularly bloody conflict over political keep watch over, land, alternate, and a fashion of life.Denis Judd tells the interesting tale of the impressive British impression upon India. All facets of this lengthy and debatable dating are mentioned, resembling the 1st tentative contacts among East and West, the root of the East India corporation in 1600, the Victorian Raj in all its pomp and splendour, Gandhi's progressive strategies tooverthrow the Raj and fix Indian to the Indians, and Lord Mountbatten's 'swift surgical procedure of Partition' in 1947, developing the 2 autonomous Commonwealth states of India and Pakistan. in contrast epic backdrop, and utilizing many revealing modern debts, Denis Judd explores the implications of British rule for either rulers and governed. have been the British cause on improvement or exploitation? have been they the "civilizing" strength they claimed? What have been Britain's maximum legacies: democracy and the guideline of legislation, or cricket and an effective railway procedure? effortless solutions are shunned during this immensely readable, vigorous, and authoritative booklet.
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Extra resources for Lion and the Tiger : The Rise and Fall of the British Raj, 1600-1947
At her marriage, Catherine brought Bombay, widely considered to be the ﬁnest port on the West Indian coast, as part of her dowry. Charles, chronically short of cash, both for himself and for the task of government, and unable to wring sufﬁcient funds out of Parliament, decided in 1668 to rent Bombay to the East India Company. Twenty years later, growing English commercial activity in the Ganges delta led to the founding in 1690 of the fortiﬁed factory of Fort St William. From this was to develop the enormously successful commercial and administrative centre of Calcutta.
This expansion was to begin shortly after the Restoration of the monarchy in 1660. In 1661, Charles II married the Portuguese Princess Catherine of Braganza. At her marriage, Catherine brought Bombay, widely considered to be the ﬁnest port on the West Indian coast, as part of her dowry. Charles, chronically short of cash, both for himself and for the task of government, and unable to wring sufﬁcient funds out of Parliament, decided in 1668 to rent Bombay to the East India Company. Twenty years later, growing English commercial activity in the Ganges delta led to the founding in 1690 of the fortiﬁed factory of Fort St William.
Some victims they tied with their arms twisted behind them. Some they ﬂung down and kicked with their shoes. ’ When they got no rupees, they ﬁlled their victims nostrils with water and drowned them in tanks. Some were put to death by suffocation. 1 The slow, inexorable decline in the power and standing of the Mughal Empire was completed by the start of the nineteenth century. Two descriptions of the Emperor Alam separated by half a century give a vivid picture of the process. In the mid-eighteenth century the Frenchman Jean Law described Shah Alam, who was crowned Emperor in 1759, thus: The Shahzada passed for one of those who have had the best education and who have most proﬁted by it.