By Heinrich von Treitschke
Heinrich Von Treitschke was once a prolific German historian and political author through the 19th century. In Germany, France, Russia and Islam, first published in 1915, he considers eu diplomatic kinfolk from the patriotic viewpoint of imperial Germany, specifically reading Germany’s dating to Turkey and France. it is a attention-grabbing vintage paintings, with the intention to be of significant price to teachers and scholars attracted to nineteenth-century ecu politics and history.
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Extra resources for Germany, France, Russia and Islam
Algiers fell to France; Egypt won the heredity of its ruling family and an independent position which approaches sovereignty; respect for the Porte is weakened in Mesopotamia, in Arabia it is an empty name ,* Servia and Greece gained their freedom; the Danubian principalities became unified, and almost quite independent; the estuaries of the river first fell to Russia, then to the 48 GERMANY, FRANCE, RUSSIA, AN D I S L A M management of a European Commission. Of the 16,000,000 inhabitants of the Balkan Peninsula— that is the calculation of Jakschitsch— 7,500,000 are to-day already entirely or nearly independent, and the Porte possesses now in Europe only about 8,500,000 direct subjects.
But where is the moral force in Turkey which could compass the much-vaunted ‘ ‘ fusion of races ” ? Language and education, creed and morality, ancient sacred memories and economic interests, estrange the masses from the hated masters. Force alone keeps the deadly enemies together. Should the longed-for new " Ottoman nation ” base itself on the exalting conscious ness that “ we are all of us subjects of one of the most pitiable countries in Europe ” ? The Sultan cannot seriously put the Rayahs on a footing of equality with the dominating race so long as he cannot rely on their loyalty with some certainty; but he does not even dare to raise troops from the Rayahs,'and it would be altogether 40 GERMANY, FRANCE, RUSSIA, A ND IS L A M impossible for the masters and the masses to serve in the same regiments.
None of the young States has yet acquired a firmly-established dynasty, the great advantage still possessed by Turkey. , will not bow down to a person like himself; if he is a foreigner, he is driven away, because the proud nation will not endure the yoke of foreign domination. It is undeniably difficult to escape this pleasing dilemma. A wild quarrel between parties, which hardly attempts to hide its real object, the hunt for office, is demoralising the peoples, and so crippling the powers of the Govern ments that even the clever, energetic, and conscientious Prince Charles of Roumania could only achieve in this instance a portion of what he would have achieved without the blessing of Parliamentary government by parties.