This quantity presents twelve essays on a number of facets of Avicenna's philosophical and clinical contributions, drawing close those themes from philological, ancient and philosohical methodologies. The paintings is conceptually divided into 4 sections: (1) method, (2) typical philosophy and the precise sciences, (3) theology and metaphysics and (4) Avicenna's history. the 1st part presents concerns for distinguishing real from pseudo Avicennan works.
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Additional resources for Interpreting Avicenna: Science And Philosophy In Medieval Islam: Proceedings Of The Second Conference Of The Avicenna Study Group (Islamic Philosophy, Theology and Science)
20. 1–2; Àl Yàsìn, 120. 12 of as-Samà' a†-ˇabì'ì. The classical example is that of a physician who builds a house. A physician qua physician essentially cures people. 2; Àl Yàsìn, 100–101). 23 At the close of his explanation, Ibn Sìnà distinguishes between chance (ittifàq) and fortune (ba¢t) by aﬃrming that fortune is only found in actions performed by humans and that chance events are more general and embrace the totality of natural processes. Therefore chance comprises that which happens spontaneously or coincidentally—as it has already been pointed out, the term ittifàq literally means coincidence.
If a piece of ﬁrewood does not burn, that is due to an obstacle and the obstacle itself—say, water or moisture—will be the cause of the ﬁrewood’s failure to burn. This view is explicitly stated in other works by Ibn Sìnà: everything that comes to be has a cause and what does not come to be also has a cause. ”7 The determining factors are thus the eﬃcient cause, together with a subsidiary cause if need be, and the absence of obstacles. Given the right conditions, the eﬃcient cause will produce its proper eﬀect; nowhere is it suggested that causes can fail or that something can come about without a cause.
In events that have a ﬁnal cause, and in as much as they have a purpose. I. Things/Events That Occur Always, for the Most Part, or Rarely: Chance Deﬁned For the sake of clarity, rather than following the order of Ibn Sìnà’s exposition, I shall begin with his own views before turning to the four conﬂicting views listed by him, followed by his refutations. Following Aristotle, Ibn Sìnà distinguishes between events or states of aﬀairs that occur always (given the right circumstances), events that occur for the most part, and events that happen rarely.