By George W. Gawrych

[Includes five figures and 21 maps]
Situated among the Suez Canal and Israel and marked by means of the tough setting of the relevant Sinai lies Abu Ageila, an unprepossessing quarter of low ridges and hills by which passes the best-surfaced street within the peninsula. due to its position at the vital direction, as regards to the Israeli-Egyptian border, Abu Ageila turned the main to the Sinai within the Arab-Israeli wars of 1956 and 1967. The fight for this barren land in wars presents an epic tale of conflict and divulges the impression of expertise at the practise for and behavior of war.
In either the 1956 and 1967 wars, Abu Ageila used to be the most gateway to the Sinai for the Israel safety Forces. but, as Dr. George W. Gawrych demonstrates, there have been marked adjustments among Egyptian and Israeli warfare plans, arrangements, operations, and ends up in the 2 battles for the realm. In 1956, Israel carried the weight of a constricting alliance with Britain and France and confronted different huge army difficulties. the outcome was once that Israel fought a tough and expensive conflict for Abu Ageila. by contrast, in 1967, the Israel safety Forces constructed a super operational plan and accomplished potent unit command and keep watch over and attained a decisive victory.
Based on broad study, together with own interviews with Israeli commanders and briefings by means of Egyptian army historians, Key to the Sinai is a crisp conflict narrative of wilderness conflict and a scientific ancient research of 2 armies confronting the altering phrases of conflict. scholars of AirLand conflict doctrine will locate interpreting this examine Survey a stimulus to assembly the demanding situations of recent battle.

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Extra info for Key to Sinai, The Battles for Abu Agelia in the - and - Arab Israeli Wars

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But this force had its own problems, even before the British and French bombed Egypt's airfields on the 31st. During daylight hours on the 30th and 31st, the Israeli Air Force—perhaps aided by the French—attacked the EgypFoundered Egyptian tanks tian armor, inflicting much damage. 74 Thus, the Egyptian armor force, weakened in firepower, had lost much of its ability to break through to Abu Ageila and rescue the defenders there. By the evening of 1 November, the tactical situation had become desperate for Mutawalli.

By late morning of 1 November—even before the Egyptian 6th Brigade began its withdrawal—Dayan suspended operations, leaving the fortifications surrounded but unpressed by attacks. New missions went out to the various Israelis units. The bulk of the 7th Armored Brigade, already west of Gebel Libni, was instructed to continue its advance toward the Suez Canal. The 61st Infantry Battalion (motorized) was to remain south of Umm Qatef under the control of the 10th Brigade and its new commander, Colonel Israel Tal.

In the next conflict, Israel might not be so fortunate. She could not count on coalition warfare and might even face war on more than one front. Such proved to be the case, but fortunately for the Israelis, the IDF prepared well for this eventuality, drawing in part on its 1956 experience.

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