By John Arquilla, David Ronfeldt
Netwar―like cyberwar―describes a brand new spectrum of clash that's rising within the wake of the data revolution. What distinct netwar is the networked organizational constitution of its practitioners and their quickness in coming jointly in swarming assaults. To confront this new form of clash, it is necessary for governments, army, and legislations enforcement to start networking themselves.
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Additional info for Networks and Netwars : The Future of Terror, Crime, and Militancy
RAND, MR-1033-OSD, 1999. : RAND, DB-311-OSD, 2000. : RAND, MR-880-OSD/RC, 1997. S. Air Force,” in Ian O. : RAND, MR-989-AF, 1999. Beam, Louis, “Leaderless Resistance,” The Seditionist, Issue 12, February 1992 (text can also be located sometimes on the web). : Naval Postgraduate School, 1998. Bonabeau, Eric, Marco Dorigo, and Guy Theraulaz, Swarm Intelligence: From Natural to Artificial Systems, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999. Bowden, Mark, Blackhawk Down: A Story of Modern War, New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1999.
For example, one teenage hacker was said to have received a $1,000 check. See McKay, 1998. 50 Networks and Netwars: The Future of Terror, Crime, and Militancy The Evolution of Current Groups As Brian Jackson notes, the introduction of new technologies in an organization follows a complex and often lengthy process. Not only do innovative systems have to be developed or acquired, but organizational actors have to become familiar with new systems and be able to use them effectively (Jackson, unpublished).
Counterterrorist policies and tactics could even alter the speed with which terrorists become informatized—groups facing a robust counterterrorism campaign may have less time and resources to acquire new technologies (see Jackson, unpublished). For such reasons, it seems advisable that counterterrorism policymakers and strategists bear in mind the following recommendations. First, monitor changes in the use of IT by terrorist groups, differentiating between organizational and offensive capabilities.