By Hilary Marland, Anne Marie Rafferty
Midwives, Society and Childbirth is the 1st e-book to check midwives' lives and paintings within the 19th and 20th centuries on a countrywide and foreign scale. targeting six international locations from Europe, the process is interdisciplinary with the reviews written by way of a various crew of social, scientific and midwifery historians, sociologists, and people with event in providing childbirth providers. wondering for the 1st time many traditional old assumptions, this publication is key to a greater realizing of the impression on midwives of the unparalleled development of technological know-how more often than not and obstetric technological know-how particularly from the overdue 19th century. The members problem the conventional bleak photo of midwives' decline within the face of institutional obstetrics, scientific expertise, and the transforming into energy of the clinical occupation, whereas stressing the significance of neighborhood impacts and locality. Dr Anne Marie Rafferty, Philadelphia, Dr Hilary Marland, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, Dr Irvine Louden, Oxfordshire, Joan Mottram, Wellcome Unit for the historical past of Medic
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Extra info for Midwives, Society and Childbirth: Debates and Controversies in the Modern Period (Studies in the Social History of Medicine)
Very real concern about the implications for midwives in terms of employment was compounded by the mounting evidence from many quarters that maternity hospitals were experiencing an increased incidence of puerperal fever. 4). 4 Maternal mortality rates per 1,000 births Source: Communications of the International Midwives’ Union 9, 1937, p. 24. The tone of the debates in the IMU congresses during the last years before the war leaves no real doubt that the midwives continued to champion the home as the appropriate place for birth in most instances.
332. 52 Comm. 6, 1932, p. 71. 53 Comm. 10, 1939, p. 58. , p. 58. , p. 110. , p. 111. , p. 80. 58 Comm. 8, 1936, pp. 57–8. 59 Thébaud, Quand Nos Grand-Mères Donnaient la Vie, p. 168. 60 Leap and Hunter, The Midwife’s Tale, p. 101. Chamberlain, Old Wives’ Tales: Their History, Remedies and Spells, London, Virago, 1981, p. Usborne, The Politics of the Body in Weimar Germany, London, Macmillan, 1992. 61 Thébaud, Quand Nos Grand-Mères Donnaient la Vie. 62 Heagerty, ‘Class, gender and professionalisation’.
Roberts, A Woman’s Place: An Oral History of Working-Class Women 1890– 1940, Oxford, Basil Blackwell, 1984, p. Thébaud, Quand Nos GrandMères Donnaient la Vie: la Maternité en France dans l’Entre-Deux-Guerres, Lyons, Presses Universitaires de Lyon, 1986, pp. 11–23; Comm. 9, 1937, pp. 28–31, 34 EUROPEAN MIDWIFERY I N TH E INTER-WAR YEARS 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 speech of Dr Frick, Minister of the Interior, to the Berlin Congress, followed by national reports on falling birth-rate.