By Charles F. Gritzner

Even though Nicaragua is this present day regarded as a constructing, war-torn nation rife with scandal, the rustic enjoys a protracted, wealthy background. In 1502, Christopher Columbus used to be the 1st eu to arrive present-day Nicaragua as he sailed alongside the coast of primary the US. Later conquered by way of the Spanish, the neighborhood Indian civilizations suffered from illnesses introduced over through the conquistadores and have been enslaved to paintings in helpful mines. Nicaragua won its independence in 1838, however the quarter usually grew to become embroiled in civil wars. Violent competition to the govt and corruption unfold to all sessions by means of 1978, and in 1979, the Marxist Sandinistas won strength. loose elections observed the Sandinistas defeated, and the 1st girl president within the Americas was once democratically elected in 1990. Violeta Barrios de Chamorro supplied balance that the rustic had lacked for greater than 10 years. regrettably, seeing that she did not dismantle the Sandinista renowned military, Nicaragua is now back within the palms of Daniel Ortega and the Sandinista-led govt. The profits gained by means of democratic associations face new demanding situations lower than the Ortega management. In Nicaragua, find out about the colourful tradition, geography, background, and present country of this principal American nation.

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Attempts to develop a democracy in Nicaragua have often been fraught with difficulties and frustration and hindered by dictatorial leaders. The country has experienced more than its share of rigged elections, political crackdowns, and rampant 63 64 Nicaragua corruption. There also have been countless assassinations, political massacres, and human rights violations. These are just some of the political problems that have occurred in twentiethcentury Nicaraguan politics. Keeping the power of leaders in check has been a major problem.

Although it can be enjoyed as a part of any meal, it is most often a part of breakfast. As with many American dishes, there are numerous variations in its ingredients. Basically, it is made with rice, red beans, onion, and sweet peppers. Garlic and/or cilantro may be added for taste. In the Eastern Lowlands, coconut oil or grated coconut may be added. The tasty mixture is then fried. Traditional Nicaraguan recipes can be found on a number of Web sites. 59 60 Nicaragua Nicaraguan Culture In this chapter you have learned that Nicaraguan culture offers a rich mix of traits contributed through time by Amerindians, Europeans, Africans, and others.

When the Spaniards arrived in the early 1500s, nearly all material possessions, including houses and weapons (swords, lances, and arrows, as well) were made of wood. Therefore, archaeologists have very few remains of any kind that provide clues that can shed light on a more ancient human presence. It is believed that most early cultures hunted, fished, and gathered for their livelihood. They lived in a land that offered rich opportunities for these subsistence activities. Because of the abundant resources, it is doubtful that they were nomads, roaming from place to place in search of food and water.

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