By American Cancer Society

Protecting every thing from breast melanoma chance components to dwelling good after therapy, this pocket-sized reference presents serious inquiries to ask a health-care group; provides the newest instructions for prognosis, staging, and remedy; and information what to anticipate after remedy. This entire but concise consultant is the quickest method to get facts established content material at the affliction and comprises a sophisticated dictionary of breast cancer-related phrases. It educates and empowers either sufferers and their caregivers to wrestle breast melanoma from the beginning.

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Calcifications are tiny mineral deposits within the breast tissue, which look like small white spots on the films. They may or may not be caused by cancer. There are 2 types of calcifications: • Macrocalcifications are coarse (larger) calcium deposits and are most likely caused by aging of the breast arteries, old injuries, or inflammation. These deposits are related to noncancerous conditions and do not require biopsy. Macrocalcifications are found in about half of women over 50, and in about 1 of 10 women under the age of 50.

Prophylactic bilateral mastectomy: Removing both breasts before cancer is diagnosed can reduce the risk of breast cancer by up to 97%. Some women who receive a diagnosis of cancer in one breast may choose to have the other healthy breast removed as well, to prevent a second breast cancer diagnosis. Breast removal cannot completely prevent breast cancer because even the most careful surgeon will leave behind at least a few breast cells, which could eventually become cancerous. These are some of the reasons for considering prophylactic surgery: • mutated BRCA genes found by genetic testing • previous cancer in one breast • strong family history (breast cancer in several close relatives) • biopsy specimens showing lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) There is no way to know ahead of time whether prophylactic bilateral mastectomy will benefit every patient.

The goal of screening examinations, such as mammograms, is to find cancer before any symptoms begin. Breast cancers that are found because they can be felt tend to be larger and are 44 American Cancer Society prevention and detection more likely to have already spread beyond the breast. In contrast, breast cancers detected during screening examinations are more likely to be small and still confined to the breast. The size of a breast cancer and how far it has spread are important factors in predicting the prognosis for a woman with breast cancer.

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